Incorporated in 1861, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is located on a 168-acre campus in Cambridge. The institute admitted its first class in 1865, and today over 11,000 undergraduate and graduate students are enrolled each year. Its five schools include architecture and planning; engineering; humanities, arts and social sciences; management; and science and encompass a number of academic departments. Interdisciplinary centers, laboratories and programs, such as the Joint Center for Oceanography and Applied Ocean Science and Engineering, work across traditional departmental boundaries.
Research is a core part of the MIT mission. In the past decade alone, MIT scientists have genetically cured a mouse model of sickle cell anemia, developed a new form of wireless transmission and discovered evidence of water, ice and organic material on Mercury. Nearly 4,000 researchers work with MIT faculty and students. The MIT Lincoln Laboratory, located in nearby Lexington, is a federally funded research and development center focused on applying advanced technology to problems of national security.
Support from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ranges from grants to individual researchers to funding for the acquisition of next generation laboratory equipment, such as an electron beam lithography system.