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Courtesy of Michael Bolte - Thirty Meter Telescope - Master Partners Agreement Signing Ceremony

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Decoding virus-host interactions in the oxygen-starved ocean

Joint Genome Institute September 15, 2014
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For multicellular life—plants and animals—to thrive in the oceans, there must be enough dissolved oxygen in the water. In certain coastal areas, extreme oxygen-starvation produces “dead zones” that decimate marine fisheries and destroy food web structure. As dissolved oxygen levels decline, energy is increasingly diverted away from multicellular life into ...

As farmland runs out, seafood looks better than you think

By Nathanael Johnson Grist September 15, 2014
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To create a more sustainable and equitable food system, we’re going to have to produce more food. That’s the conclusion I’ve come to as I’ve worked through the arguments over feeding ourselves. We’ll need to share that food more equitably and limit population growth as well — but it turns ...

Andes-Amazon Initiative

Brazil's planned Tapajós dams would increase Amazon deforestation by 1M ha

By Rhett A. Butler Mongabay.org September 14, 2014
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A plan to build a dozen dams in the Tapajós river basin would drive the loss of an additional 950,000 hectares of rainforest by 2032 by spurring land speculation and mass migration to the region, suggests a new study published by Imazon, a Brazilian NGO.

The analysis, which forecasts deforestation ...

Global Food Traceability Center launches new Seafood Traceability Financial Tool

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WASHINGTON DC — The Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Global Food Traceability Center (GFTC) today announced the launch of a Seafood Traceability Financial Tool. This tool assists organizations in the seafood industry in understanding the financial impact (costs and benefits) of implementing traceability. Developed with input from seafood business leaders and ...

This $1 foldable microscope could change science education as we know it

By Jason Hahn Digital Trends September 7, 2014
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Microscope kits may invoke a sweet nostalgia for many adults today, but future generations of children in science classes may enjoy an entirely different microscopy experience. A research team at Stanford University has created a foldable paper microscope to help democratize science education for less than a dollar.

The origami-based ...

Seeing protein synthesis in the field

September 5, 2014
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Caltech researchers have developed a novel way to visualize proteins generated by microorganisms in their natural environment—including the murky waters of Caltech's lily pond, as in this image created by Professor of Geobiology Victoria Orphan and her colleagues. The method could give scientists insights to how uncultured microbes (organisms that ...

Marine Microbiology Initiative

Scientists apply biomedical technique to reveal changes within the body of the ocean

WHOI News Releases September 4, 2014
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For decades, medical researchers have sought new methods to diagnose how different types of cells and systems in the body are functioning. Now scientists have adapted an emerging biomedical technique to study the vast body of the ocean.

In a study published Sept. 5 in the journal Science, a ...

Proteomics reveals ocean's inner workings

By Lonny Lippsett Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution September 4, 2014
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For decades, doctors have sought methods to diagnose how different types of cells and systems in the body are functioning. Now scientists have adapted an emerging biomedical technique to study the vast body of the ocean.

In a study published Sept. 5 in the journal Science, a research team ...

2014: Rat and infant massage

The Golden Goose Award September 4, 2014
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A young scientist takes a small brush, the kind you would use to clean a camera lens, and rubs it briskly down the back of an infant rat – a rat pup. No, he’s not giving rat pups a massage to relieve boredom. He’s actually doing research, funded by the ...

Nature’s tiny engineers

By David L. Chandler MIT News Office September 1, 2014
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Conventional wisdom has long held that corals — whose calcium-carbonate skeletons form the foundation of coral reefs — are passive organisms that rely entirely on ocean currents to deliver dissolved substances, such as nutrients and oxygen. But now scientists at MIT and the Weizmann Institute of Science (WIS) in Israel ...