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California Institute of Technology

Development of 4D electron tomography featured in June 24 Science

By Oh-Hoon Kwon and Ahmed H. Zewail Science June 24, 2010

The June 24 issue of Science includes a report on innovative research methods developed by integrating a fourth dimension, time, in electron tomography. The report was written by senior postdoctoral fellow Oh-Hoon Kwon and by Caltech Professor and Nobel Laureate Ahmed Zewail, who is a principal investigator at the Gordon ...

Marine Microbiology Initiative

Research by senior investigator Dr. David M. Karl and team highlighted in Nature

By Kenneth S. Johnson, Stephen C. Riser and David M. Karl Nature June 23, 2010

A team of institutions and researchers that includes Dr. David M. Karl, Professor of Oceanography at the University of Hawai'i and Marine Microbiology Initiative Senior Investigator, has discovered a potential source of essential nutrients that allow microscopic algae to grow in nutrient depleted regions of the open ocean. Using high-resolution ...

Andes-Amazon Initiative

Oxapampa-Ashaninka-Yanesha included among UNESCO's Biosphere Reserves

June 7, 2010

UNESCO has announced the creation of thirteen new biosphere reserves, including the Oxapampa-Asháninka-Yanesha Biosphere Reserve in Peru, where groups including the Yanesha and Asháninka indigenous peoples use traditional knowledge to manage their natural resources, helping to maintain the cultural and biological diversity of high-altitude Amazonian rain forests. Funding from two ...

California Institute of Technology

Caltech researchers and partners discover aseismic slip as barrier to earthquake propagation in Southern Peru

By Lori Oliwenstein Caltech May 5, 2010

On August 15, 2007, a magnitude 8.0 earthquake struck in Central Peru, killing more than 500 people—primarily in the town of Pisco, which was heavily damaged by the temblor—and triggering a tsunami that flooded Pisco's shore and parts of Lima's Costa Verde highway. The rupture occurred as the Nazca tectonic ...

Marine Microbiology Initiative

New site launched to enable peer-to-peer bioscience data sharing

April 21, 2010

Jonathan Eisen and his team at the University of California, Davis Genome Center have developed a new website, www.biotorrents.net, that allows rapid file sharing of large sets of scientific data. Using BitTorrent’s peer-to-peer technology, the site shares bandwidth across institutions and splits data sets into smaller pieces, making it ...

California Institute of Technology

Review of four-dimensional electron microscopy (4D UEM) in April 9 Science Magazine

By Ahmed H. Zewail Science April 9, 2010

The April 9 issue of Science includes a review of transformative research and development obtained by introducing time, the fourth dimension, in electron microscopy. The review’s author, Caltech Professor and Nobel Laureate Ahmed Zewail, is principal investigator at the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation-supported Center for Ultrafast Science & Technology....

California Institute of Technology

Scientists identify mechanism of encoding strong memories

March 24, 2010

With partial support from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Caltech scientist Erin Schuman and collaborators have found the mechanism by which the mind encodes strong memories. When memory-related neurons fire at the same frequency as certain brain waves (called theta-waves), the encoded memories prove much stronger and last longer. ...

Special Projects in Science

Sampling of Antarctica's subglacial lakes planned for 2011

By Quirin Schiermeier Nature March 24, 2010

This story reports on plans to explore the subglacial lakes of Antarctica. With partial funding from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Northern Illinois University's Professor Ross Powell has developed sub-ice sampling instrumentation (the ROV and GIPSIE) that will help make this research possible.

The pitch-black lakes hidden beneath Antarctica's ice ...

Marine Microbiology Initiative

Waiting to inhale: deep-ocean low-oxygen zones spreading to shallower coastal waters

By Michael Tennesen Scientific American February 23, 2010

In its February 23rd issue, Scientific American highlights the impact of low-oxygen waters off the coast of Oregon on fish and marine animals. The severity of oxygen depletion in these coastal waters varies from year to year, but has in the past resulted in kills of large numbers of fish ...

Marine Conservation Initiative

NOAA grants program proposed to support marine spatial planning

By Allison Winter New York Times February 5, 2010

Much of the work supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation’s Marine Conservation Initiative advances marine spatial planning (MSP). By spatially dividing the marine environment, MSP reduces conflict among competing users and promotes conservation while addressing environmental, economic, and social objectives. A newly proposed, $20 million grants program for ...